Less Than Lethal Self Defense Blog

Product Evaluation

My Defense Tool Product Evaluation

Product EvaluationLance MurrayComment

I like this less than lethal self defense tool.  It's easy to use and to wear and I got a good response from people that checked it out and carried for a few days.  I did a full product evaluation on it and here it is.My Defense Tool self-defense device

Owner/Inventor- John Graden

Product Evaluation

By: Tanco Industries LLC, Lance Murray

Email- lance@tancoindustries.com

December 28, 2016


  • Made of durable plastic
  • Comfortable adjustable elastic strap
  • Can be an effective tool to fend off an attacker
  • Fits easily in most purses, handbags, and pockets
  • Lightweight
  • Easy to hold on to and discreet
  • Inexpensive
  • Can take on plane when traveling
  • Easy to use
  • Can wear on hand and still use your hand to do tasks
  • Has DNA and fiber collection capabilities on the tip


  • Short effective range (arm’s length)
  • Not easily located in purse, when dark out
  • The tip is not very pointed making it less effective than it can be
  • Instruction booklet does not give enough information. It should guide you to the demonstration video on your website, and you should firmly suggest that people get some kind of self-defense training, which is very important for learning how to react if the situation arises where you are attacked, and practice using it
  • When worn by a large handed person, the tip barely sticks out and may be less effective
  • It has only one contact area to use in defense (the tip)


  • Has attractive packaging box that is recyclable, easy to read, and easy to open

Suggestions for improvement

  • Make the device tip longer
  • Make the light grey area with name on it glow in the dark so that it is easily located in purse/handbag
  • Have a pointed tip located at the top (other side) with a small platform protruding from the side for your thumb to hold on to for more options of defense, because most attacks are from behind, using their arm or arms around your neck or body, you could use the other end to poke and stab also
  • Your training video should have a woman demonstrating its use on a man or dummy, not just a commentary

Overall summary

This device was sent to me by John Graden for evaluation.  I think this less than lethal self-defense device is an inexpensive and effective weapon if you know how to use it, have a little self-defense training and can be aggressive in an attack.  I gave it to a female friend for a few days, age approximately 65, which goes out for walks in the evening, and she said that she liked it.  She stated that it feels good, it’s discreet and easy to put on and still be able to use her phone, and she felt better about being able to protect herself.  Because most women are delicate and not very aggressive, and freeze or freak out if they get attacked, they need to have some defense training to be more confident in how to use this type or any type of weapon.  This type of weapon can be considered a type of Kubotan weapon, and your training should include how to use it on pressure points also, which can be very effective and take little effort.  I recommend this device because it is easy to use, its discreet, inexpensive, and can do what it is intended to do.

You can get this at my online storehttps://www.lessthanlethalselfdefense.com/where you can also find some of the best less than lethal self defense products and helpful information, so please check it out, have a great day, and stay safe.


Self-Defense Lanyard Product Evaluation

Product EvaluationLance Murray2 Comments

A Lanyard keychain can be effective when used in a self defense situation. Here's my evaluation on the Hayes Innovations keychain lanyard.  

Self Defense Lanyard                                                                     

Manufacturer; Hayes Innovations

Product Evaluation by;

Lance Murray,Tanco Industries LLC

August 5, 2014


  • Fits easily in most purses
  • Durable metal latch
  • Durable nylon strap
  • Could be effective
  • Inexpensive


  • Lanyard can easily slip out of your hand or be taken away from you and be used against you
  • Can be irritating when driving if Lanyard touches your leg.
  • Limited effective range, slightly longer than arms length

Suggested improvements;

  • Make the holding end open so you can put your hand through it and hold on to it, like a dog leash.
  • Make it narrower.  It will still be strong and effective while cutting down on manufacturing cost.
  • Make it a bright color like pink so it is easier to see in your purse.
  • Add a glow in the dark strip so it is easier to locate.
  • Make it shorter and stretchable so that when you swing it in defense, it will stretch out to about 16” inches.
  • Have clasp on a swivel so that the whole thing easily moves around when storing it in your purse or pocket.
  • Add a 1”inch diameter ball with spikes on it to aid in the damaging effect given when struck with it.

Overall summary

I think this Self Defense Lanyard sent to me for evaluation by owner/developer, B. Hayes is a great product and can be effective in the prevention of an attack in a less than lethal manner when engaged by an attacker.  When used properly it is readily available for use because you usually have your keys in hand while walking to your vehicle, your home, or your office.  Swinging a bunch of keys at someone’s face and connecting will definitely get their attention and possibly give you that chance to run away, yell for help, and possibly arm yourself with some other defense weapon you may be carrying like pepper spray, firearm, or any others.  In any case one should have some kind of defense training that teaches you how to be aware and spot possible threats and how to be prepared so you can defensively react when the situation arises however, the lanyards effective range is very short being limited to your arms length plus the length of the lanyard with average length keys attached, approximately 12” inches, and can be somewhat ineffective if the assailant raises their hand or arm to block it when it is being used against them.  Overall a great product, inexpensive and easy to use, and with some minor improvements, it would be an even better one.

What is a Kubotan weapon and why it's effective

Product EvaluationLance Murray3 Comments

A Kubotan is a pressure point weapon, a self-defense keychain weapon developed by Sōke Takayuki Kubota in the late 1960s. It is typically no more than 5.5 inches long and about half an inch in diameter. The material is usually of a hard high-impact plastic. The body of the Kubotan is lined with six round grooves with a screw eye or swivel and split ring attachment at one end for keys.  The Kubotan keychain was originally based on a small bamboo weapon called the "hashi stick", an invention by Kubota's father Denjiro. Its popularity grew in 1969 to 1970s when Kubota, at the request of Senator Edward M. Davis then former Chief of the Los Angeles Police Department, created the weapon and began training female officers in its application. It is often touted as extremely effective in breaking the will of unruly suspects with painful locks and pressure point strikes. Because of this, the Kubotan is also sometimes dubbed the 'instrument of attitude adjustment'. The principal targets in self-defence include bony, fleshy and sensitive parts such as knuckles, forearms, the bridge of the nose, shins, stomach, solar plexus, spine, temple, ribs, groin, neck and eyes. The Kubotan is usually held in either an icepick grip (for hammerfist strikes) or forward grip (for stabbing, pressure point attacks and seizing). Common uses include hardening the fist for punching, attacking vulnerable parts of an assailant's body, and gaining leverage on an assailant's wrist, fingers and joints.  As a pressure point weapon it can attack any point a finger can, but with greater penetration because of the smaller surface area at the ends.   A typical pain compliance technique involves seizing an attacker's wrist and sealing both hands around it with the length of the Kubotan laid across the radius bone. Downward squeezing pressure is then applied to the bone to take down the attacker.

The Kubotan may appear as an innocuous key fob to the untrained eye. In some cases however it may be recognized and considered an offensive weapon in some jurisdictions. In the United States there are few legal restrictions on Kubotans, with the notable exception that they are prohibited as carry-on items for air travellers.  Improvised versions of the Kubotan can be readily found and put to use. Because a Kubotan is just a rod of a hard material, any restrictive regulation would most likely be ambiguous and undefined due to the ability for any common item to be used in a kubotan-like fashion. In this respect, the Kubotan can be substituted by everyday items such as hairbrushes, pens, markers, flashlights, small wooden dowels and even electronic cigarettes.  A Kubotan weapon can be a good choice for you, especially if you usually have it in your hand, ready to use at any time, but it is a short effective distance of your arms length, meaning that you have to be in contact of your assailant in order for it to work, you can't throw it and expect it to be of any effectiveness.  If you decide to carry a Kubotan and plan to use it for your defense then you'll have to practice using it and should take a self defense class. This is very important because taking a self defense class will help you to know how to react correctly when the time comes, therefore you will have greater success at defending yourself and getting away.  There a lot of video's out there for you to watch but actually taking a class and practicing is best.  Check out this video, it's one of many that will give you an idea of what it will do when used properly.

Remember to be aware of your surroundings and look in peoples eyes, that will help a lot.  Thank you for visiting my blog and stay safe.



Sabre Red Spitfire key chain pepper spray great for self defense

Product EvaluationLance MurrayComment

Sabre Red Spitfire in red case

Help protect yourself with Spitfire, the most compact and fastest deploying key chain pepper spray on the market. Easy to deploy over your shoulder against a threat approaching you from behind, the spray can hit the attacker from up to 6-8 feet away. Spitfire deploys the maximum strength SABRE RED formulation in a cone delivery for approximately 8 bursts. Boasting a 4-year shelf life that's double the industry average, SABRE RED provides a much a better value. Made by SABRE.


- The most compact and fastest deploying key chain on the market. - #1 brand used by law enforcement worldwide. - Cone pattern delivery has a greater respiratory effect on the attacker. - Provides approximately 8 bursts with a range of 6-8 feet. - Size: 0.2 oz. - Red - Spitfire is refillable.

- State laws prohibit shipment of this model to the following states: AK, DC, HI, MA & NY.

I think this is a great little pepper spray unit.  It's not to big and it packs a powerful punch, even though it doesn't have a long range, I think it would be very effective. You can get this at Amazon for about $15.  You can get this at https://www.amazon.com/Sabre-SF-01-RD-US-Spitfire-Pepper-Release/dp/B008TY45LO/ref=sr_1_4?ie=UTF8&qid=1474490012&sr=8-4&keywords=spitfire+sabre

The Maor Handshock self defense device

Product EvaluationLance Murray2 Comments

Maor Handshock Device 

“Hand-shock” is a tool intended as an aid to self-defense which was developed in the framework of the “Maor Self-Defense” system. It is intended to serve as an aid in stress situations such as assault, attempts kidnapping, attempted rape and other crimes of violence.

In such situations, the attacked person will look for something from the environment, which might be of use as a weapon – such as a stone, stick, bottle, keys etc.; these might be of some use but are definitely not an optimal solution. Some people carry with them weapons such as brass knuckles, nunchakus, switchblades and the like. These are liable to cause permanent injury, which may be irreversible, and which could expose the user to litigation by the assailant. A further disadvantage is, that they are not convenient to carry around, and thus may not be available in case of need. Hand-shock is able to overcome most of these disadvantages by its properties.

Firstly, it is small and lightweight. It may be easily carried in the pocket or a purse, as it is of the size of a hand, and of low weight. Secondly, while it reinforces the actions of the user’s hand (and protects his/her fingers), it does not cause permanent damage, but mainly instant pain – a kind of brief shock. Third, it does not drop from the hand, when that is opened in order to grasp or push the assailant. Fourth, it does not require long and complex training; a brief basic training enables the user to make use of the tool while carrying out instinctive or other self-defense moves which he would do anyway.


Length: 14 cm.

Width: 7.5 cm.

Thickness: 1.5 cm.

Weight: 150 gram

Material: Rigid plastic

Hand-Shock Sheath sold seperatly. Fits 40mm belt. Made from Kydex by Front-Line Ltd. Israel.

I think this weapon is a good choice because if used properly it can stop an attack simply by applying pressure to certain pressure points. Using pressure points to disable a person has been done for years, and it works, plus there are no moving parts to fail or pepper spray that once used it's done. When you get one, be sure to watch the video on how to use it and practice it a couple times.

It retails for around $39 at http://www.zahal.org/products/hand-shock-self-defense-tool?path_parent=218525

Here is a video showing how to use it


The Zap Cane Self Defense Device

Product EvaluationLance Murray3 Comments

Hey yall, I found this on the less lethal alternatives site and I think it's cool that people that have to use a cane or if you don't need a cane, it's still sounds like a perty good self defense device, and you can get it here on Amazon https://www.amazon.com/Zap-Defense-Flashlight-Carrying-Theyll/dp/B008D23XO2/ref=as_li_ss_tl?ie=UTF8&qid=1472436264&sr=8-1&keywords=zap+cane&linkCode=sl1&tag=lesslethalt0c-20&linkId=2f0d4573ad43bde4f0d2c99eeaf65895 From Personal Security Products comes another innovative self defense tool and a practical one at that. The ZAP CANE is a 1 MILLION VOLT personal protection device that doubles as a walking cane. The ZAP CANE is adjustable to it’s user’s preference between 32″ to 36″ by turning a knob towards the bottom of the cane. The unit also has a handy built in LED flashlight to illuminate your path. The cane features a full length handle and can support a user up to 250 pounds. The unit has a built-in Ni-MH battery and comes with a carrying case and wall charger. The unit’s on/off safety switch is conveniently located in front of the unit by the position of your index finger. In a personal defense situation the ZAP CANE’s rugged metal construction gives you up to 36″ of smashing power to defend against an attacker plus 360 degrees of stun protection.

stun cane


Revolutionary New Self Defense Device the Defend Alert

Product EvaluationLance MurrayComment

Hi everyone,These self defense device prototypes are products which I have created. I have a registered US Patent on them and I am test marketing them on the street and here on my blog.  I would be most grateful if you would comment on them, tell me what you think about them, and tell me if you would want to own one, or both of them.  Let me tell you a little about them.

The first one is the Defend Alert D-2

DSC_0003 - Copy
DSC_0003 - Copy

The Defend Alert D-2 is  a small handheld 4" tall, reusable, less than lethal, self defense device made of durable plastic, that uses a UV dyed, pepper spray that has the highest concentration of Oleoresin Capsicum mixture allowed by law.  It will spray up to 15 ft.  It also incorporates a loud 120 decibel air horn which positively draws attention from 200 ft. away.  It also has a quick and easy to use safety and activated by just one push of the trigger.  US patent #8690020.  I am currently seeking a manufacturer. For information regarding this product please contact Lance Murray at lance@tancoindustries.com

The next one is the Defend Alert D-4

DefendAlert D-4 2 views
DefendAlert D-4 2 views

A small, handheld, 4 1/2 inch tall, re-usable, less than lethal self defense device made of durable plastic that has a powerful 120 decibel air horn that positively draws attention from 200 feet away. It also shoots out a powerful UV dyed OC pepper spray up to 15 feet, that has the highest concentration of Oleoresin Capsicum mixture allowed by law.  It records up to 5 minutes of quality video with audio, day or night,  for evidence to be used in court, along with a bright flashing light to aid in night time video capture while disorienting the assailants. It also has a quick and easy to use safety, all activated with one push of the trigger.  Once activated, the camera and flash continues recording and flashing up to 5 minutes.  US patent #8690020.  I am currently seeking a manufacturer.  For information regarding this product, please contact Lance Murray at lance@tancoindustries.com

Please tell me what you think about these devices, I would really appreciate it. Have a safe day

Tai Zhang Dao can be effective in defending yourself at any age

Product EvaluationLance MurrayComment

Tai Zhang Dao - "The Extreme Cane"

TZD builds on the "Cane Fu" concept of using the cane for self-protection and adapts it to be more effective in actual street encounters. The proactive style incorporates effective methods and successful techniques from a number of various disciplines such as Tai Chi, Hapkido, Bruce Lee’s Jeet Kune Do, Krav Maga, and Kung Fu. It was developed initially to fill a need lacking in present disciplines that addresses the ability of novices and especially for older students to rapidly learn how to protect themselves without years of study and practice.

TZD is not just for men....it is ideal for women as well as men and responsible young adults. However, it is more practical for individuals who have some degree of mobility. It goes on the concept that there are "no rules" in street altercations and focuses the training accordingly. It takes into account that most people don’t want to waste a lot of time learning to protect themselves with complicated forms of defense techniques but want to get down to the “nitty-gritty” hardcore self-protection forms to immediately dispatch an opponent confronting them. It is based on the creator’s rule that: You don’t have to be fast…you only need to be first.”

It is well known that older people do not have speed, strength, endurance, or agility of younger people whom they might encounter and as a result, the program is designed such that opponents are dealt with rapidly and effectively utilizing a “KISS” [Keep It Simple Stupid] system developed by the creator. This applies whether the individual is dealing with one or multiple opponents.

Training for the style utilizes simple, natural movements that are easy to learn and remember. It has a short learning curve and is unlike the formal training required in normal martial arts which can take years to master. Like any other endeavor, mastery takes a bit longer and depends on how much the individual practices it.

Students taking this course become members of “The Windmill Warriors.”

"Tilting at Windmills" means attacking imaginary enemies or fighting unwinnable or futile battles. In the illustration, most people would pick the knight (a/k/a Don Quixote) on horseback as one of the Windmill Warriors, where in reality, the Windmill Warriors are the windmills and opponents are fighting an unwinnable battle with them.

Online Lessons Now Available!

"TZD: Fundamentals of Using a Cane for Personal Protection"

Sign up today and get 50% off regular price of $159.00


Click here and use Coupon Code: INTROTZD

Tai Zhang Dao” (pronounced tie-jung-dow and in Chinese translates to “The Extreme Cane”) is a method or style of martial art stemming from Tai Chi that effectively employs an ordinary cane for fitness and personal protection in a proactive manner that is unavailable elsewhere.

In Chinese, the word "Tai" is taken from the word "Tai Chi" (aka Taiji) and means "The Extreme." The word "Zhang" means "Cane." And the word "Dao" indicates "The Way Of" which we include because it signifies a "road, path, or method" instead of describing a static object.

For more go to http://www.taizhangdao.com/

Pepper spray's used as a defense erudition

Product EvaluationLance MurrayComment

Defense Sprays (e.g., Pepper Spray, Tear Gas, etc.)Defense sprays are chemical sprays that incapacitate an assailant via irritant or inflammatory effect. The sprays that most sites offer mainly rely on an extract of hot pepper plants for their effectiveness. This extract is called Oleoresin Capsicum (OC). OC is an inflammatory agent that has an instantaneous effect when sprayed into the eyes and face of an assailant.

The heat from pepper extracts is measured in Scoville Heat Units. The typical jalapeno pepper rates at about 2,500 Scoville Heat Units, while the some commercially available sprays rate at up to 2 million Scoville Heat Units. So, to get an idea of the effect of getting sprayed, just think about the last time you rubbed your eyes after handling a jalapeno pepper, and multiply that feeling by about eight hundred times!

Range of these sprays is usually several feet and the effects take 20-30 minutes to wear off with no long-term ill effects to the assailant.

If you do decide to purchase a defense spray, make sure you get a good, quality brand like Mace, and that you replace it every six months to ensure your spray will work when you need it.

Be advised, however:

  • Several feet is NOT a large distance.  Any attacker coming at you already will likely close that distance despite being sprayed, and once you are within reach, it is likely some damage will come to you.  It is possible you will escape unharmed, and it is also quite possible you will be severely injured or killed.
  • For an assault that occurs at very close range -- as many assaults do -- you will be unable to spray your assailant without getting hit by the spray yourself.  In the worst of cases, you spray yourself blind and your assailant is largely unaffected, leaving you pretty much helpless.
  • The effect on an assailant is somewhat dependent on the assailant.  Some folks have a natural resistance to defense sprays.  Some people are on drugs which don't allow them to register pain fast enough or severely enough to change their vector.
  • The legality of defense sprays is regulated at a state level and your state may have specific rules about when you can deploy, what kind of sprays are legal, and what the contents of the sprays may contain.  Check with your local legal sources before purchasing, especially if you go online.
  • Like any weapon, a defense spray can be turned against you. You should treat this like any other weapon and commit to training and practicing drawing and using it.

This information is from; www.Quora.com

10 Tips for carring and using pepper spray

Product EvaluationLance Murray2 Comments

Don't Use Pepper Spray in a Moving Car

Is pepper spray safe to use inside a car? Don't ever use pepper spray in a moving vehicle. It will tend to disable the driver with deadly results.

When Carrying in Your Purse

Why should I carry pepper spray in my purse? You ever go anywhere without your purse or handbag? Of course not. Whether you are on your way to school, to work, shopping, or just to visit friends or family, you grab your purse on the way out thedoor. Then when you get out of your car, you take your purse, it's always with you with your pepper spray inside. A purse can be a poor location because if it falls to the bottom, the canister is not always accessible. Always carry it in an outside purse compartment. A purse with an accessible, open pocket where the spray can't get lost may be better than keeping it loose in the bag.

Carry Self Defense Pepper Spray in a Date

Is it a good idea to carry pepper spray on a date? In the USA, there is a rape every six minutes. A woman is beaten every 18 seconds; three to four million are battered every year. About one-half of rapes are by first or casual dating. A very good reason to carry pepper spray on a date.

Why Carry Pepper Spray at Work

Is it a good idea to carry pepper spray to work? Workplace homicide is the leading cause of death among female workers in the US and is the second leading cause of death for men. Aside from homicides, we can't forget about the 18,000 employees who are non-fatally assaulted every week while on the job. Don't be a victim, keep pepper spray within easy reach.

Why Carry Pepper Spray in Your Car

What about carrying pepper spray in my car? Have you ever had a flat tire or run out of gas? Have you ever seen someone broken down at the side of the road but didn't stop to help because you didn't feel safe doing so? Carrying a pepper spray keychain in your car is the answer.

Carry Self Defense Pepper Spray in Your Pocket

Should I always carry pepper spray in my pocket? You're always at risk when you walk down the street. You would think that your own neigborhood would be safe. But most assaults occur within 1 mile of a person's home or workplace. And the risk isn't just walking near your home or to and from a parking garage. A violent situation can happen anywhere, even at the local mall or in a restaurant. Violent assaults can also be committed for reasons of racial, sexual or other discrimination. If you are ready to defend yourself with pepper spray and send an attacker running, you will instead feel the emotions of victory.

Pepper Spray to Prevent Carjackings

Is pepper spray effect against carjackings? Carjacking, a type of robbery, is theft or attempted theft of a motor vehicle by force or threat of force. Between 1997 and 2002, carjackings accounted for 3% of the 2.3 million vehicle thefts per year that occurred nationwide. An average of 51,000 completed and attempted carjackings took place each year in the United States between 1997 and 2002. Carjackings can be violent. Drivers (without pepper spray protection) have been beaten and even murdered while being pulled out of their car.

Pepper Spray Pager and Pepper Spray Pen

Is a pepper spray pen effective? A pepper spray pager or a pepper spray pen are an ideal way to carry for self protection at work.

About Carrying Pepper Spray in Your Purse

Are there any problems with carrying pepper spray in my purse? Sometimes women who keep pepper spray in their purse find themselves temporarily switching to another purse to match their shoes, transfering just their pocketbook or wallet to the other purse, forgetting their pepper spray. Also, the first indication that you need your spray may be when an assailant is already tugging on your purse. There were 64,440 purse snatchings in 2000. A pepper spray pager or a pepper spray keychain is a common type to carry in your purse.

Situations that Trigger Violence at Work

What are some situations that I might need my pepper spray at work? Common workplace triggers that might instigate violence are terminations, layoffs, badperformance evaluations, and believing they were past over for promotion. A problem that we now recognize is that supervisors are often ill equipped to handle such emotional needs of those they oversee. If the employee knows that you have your pepper spay pen handy, they may not make trouble.

This information is from  http://www.lifetips.com


Product EvaluationLance MurrayComment


By: Bruce Eimer 7/12/2011 01:17 AM

Personal defense is a lifestyle. If you haven’t thought about what you’re going to do when the bad guys come for you, you will most likely be going with them. So, now is the time to think about what you will do if you are selected to be part of someone else’s food chain. What skills and tools will you need? The answer is that it depends on the situation.

If all you have is a hammer, everything will look like a nail

If all you carry is a gun, then what will you do when less than lethal force is required to defend yourself? You cannot afford to think that, because you carry a gun, you don’t need to be prepared to respond with less than lethal force. Guns are weapons of last resort; as noted firearms trainer and writer, Massad Ayoob, points out, for the “gravest extremes”. The law requires that we respond to unjustified force with equal, or just a little more force. If someone just pushes you aggressively, in most situations, you are not justified in presenting a gun. Law abiding people reserve deadly force as their final option—when confronted with an unavoidable and imminent threat of death or grave bodily harm.

You need to have a personal defense plan in place If you don’t have a plan, plan to fail because relying on “Lady Luck is as foolish as wishing you were a millionaire. This truism applies to every walk of life. In the personal defense arena, the implication is that our plans need to be layered. The mindset goes something like, if Plan A doesn’t work, then I’ll go to Plan B, if Plan B doesn’t work, I’ll go to Plan C…and so on, until I solve the problem. So do you have a Plan A?

Plan A in most cases should be less than lethal Legally and morally, we are obligated to respond to aggression with the least amount of force necessary to get the job done—which is to stop the aggression. If the appropriate level of non-lethal force on the proverbial “force continuum” does not stop the aggression, we are justified in upping the ante. Naturally, if you are threatened with deadly force, the first order of business is surviving the confrontation. However, the second order of business is surviving the legal aftermath. Our legal system will treat you with more “understanding” if you “tried” to use less than lethal force before you escalated to lethal force.

Pepper spray Pepper spray is a non-lethal chemical formula for self defense that contains the active ingredient Oleoresin Capsicum (which is also known as “OC”), a derivative of hot chili peppers. When sprayed in the eyes and face of an attacker, pepper spray causes inflammation of mucus membranes in his eyes, nose, throat and lungs. He suffers impaired vision, coughing spasms, burning sensations, and disorientation for about 30 minutes. Thirty minutes later, the attacker’s symptoms are disappearing with no permanent after-effect.

Pepper spray also works on animals, including dogs

Pepper spray in the face of an attacker can create an opportunity either to escape or gain the fighting advantage if you are attacked. If you carry pepper spray, and you can document that you have taken legitimate training on how to carry and use it, even if you don’t have the opportunity to use it in a situation, the point is that you were prepared to use less than lethal force. You weren’t just prepared to go to guns.

If you carry pepper spray, you should get training in its use

Less lethal tools also require training if you want to be able to employ them effectively. First, you need to know how to choose the right pepper spray delivery system and formula for you. Most commonly, pepper spray dispensers shoot the chemical in the form of a fog, stream, foam, or as a gel. A cone shaped fog scatters particles into the air much like a scatter gun. Cross contamination from back spray is a possibility. However, a fog/cone can operate as a barrier between you and the bad guy, and it’s hard to miss at bad breath distance. On the other hand, a stream is more precise, has more range, and eliminates the problem of cross contamination. However, the down side is that it requires more precise aiming.

Foams and gel tend to stick like shaving cream, however they do not have as much range as a liquid stream.

Whichever delivery option you choose needs to be practiced. Thus, it makes sense to choose a product line that also comes in an inert formula for practice. Guardian PD Pepper Spray is such a product (www.PersonalDefenseSolutions.net). You also need to recognize that pepper spray, just like a defensive handgun, needs to be a surprise to an attacker. If you carry pepper spray, you need to figure out how to effectively conceal it, and how to rapidly deploy it from concealment when it is needed, and if the dispenser is built strong, how to use it as an impact weapon. You also need to train to see trouble coming so you can avoid it in the first place if possible.

Pepper spray can be effective in de-railing the attacker’s attention, disrupting his nefarious plan, and disabling him from carrying that plan out. Does it always work? Of course not. That’s why you must have Plans B and C. However, the main idea is for the spray to buy you time either to get away, or if you cannot, to escalate your level of force.

Choose the pepper spray delivery system that fits your situation

Guardian Protective Devices (www.PersonalDefenseSolutions.net) offers a choice of different personal pepper spray units that are built strong enough to be used as impact weapons. Guardian PD is a Department of Defense (DoD) approved New Jersey company that manufactures pepper spray for Law Enforcement, the U.S. Military, and for Security personnel. Guardian PD products are also available to civilians for use as a self defense tool. Guardian pepper spray was selected by the US Army as the Best Performer and issued NSN numbers as well as several contracts.

Conclusion Don’t be a victim. Assure your survival. Learn how to create an opportunity either to escape or gain the fighting advantage if you are attacked. Pepper spray can create an opportunity to escape without being followed. It offers an alternative means of applying controlling force that is short of “Deadly Force”. You can even take seminars in its use given by the manufacturer, such as those offered at www.PersonalDefenseSolutions.net. The good news is that the learning curve is much shorter than that for firearms

The Peacekeeper Mini Self Defense Device

Product EvaluationLance Murray1 Comment

New Technology Takes Personal Self Defense to a New Level

HEBER CITY, UT (November 19, 2013) — In an effort to create an affordable, non-lethal self defense device, TigerLight is releasing a new flashlight pepper spray device that is small enough to fit in a purse, and even has the capability to send an emergency notification when activated.

The device, dubbed the Peacekeeper Mini, is a sleek, high powered flashlight with two buttons. One button activates the light, blinding potential attackers. The second activates a powerful pepper spray that can effectively neutralize an attacker without causing lasting injury or damage.

The Peacekeeper Mini will also include a bluetooth device that can be connected to a smartphone to immediately send the user’s location to a friend or family member if the pepper spray is activated.

More than 22 million women in the United States have been victims of sexual assault. Of those women, less than half carried self-defense items with them at the time of assault and of those who did, more than 90 percent were unable to use them.

“Most victims of sexual assault of violent crimes are unable to reach self-defense items or drop them when they try to use them,” Michael Teig, President and CEO of TigerLight, Inc. said. “Self-defense items tend to be stored in backpacks and purses and cannot be accessed, retained or used properly in a high-pressure situation.”

As the co-founder of TigerLight, Inc. Teig has dedicated himself to solving this problem and keeping people safe. TigerLight’s newest product, the Peacekeeper Mini, contains an ultra-concentrated pepper spray embedded into a flashlight that includes a hand strap for maximum retention during an attack.

“The Peacekeeper Mini is designed to double as a flashlight so it can always be carried and useful. When travelling on foot, the Peacekeeper Mini’s handstrap will ensure it is readily available and won’t be dropped when it’s needed most.” Teig said.

While many other self-defense items are not strong enough to incapacitate an attacker long enough for the victim to escape, the Peacekeeper Mini’s pepper spray is military grade, can be used on multiple attackers and its effects can last up to half an hour or more

“It is our goal to offer the product at a very low retail price. This will require very costly, sophisticated tooling and large scale production.” said Teig.

To keep the cost as low as possible for consumers, Teig is launching an Indiegogo campaign to crowdfund the initial costs for a large bulk order. For more information about the Peacekeeper Mini, and to learn about the Indiegogo campaign, visit http://tigerlight.net/peacekeeper.

About Mace

Product EvaluationLance MurrayComment

Mace is the genericized trademark of Chemical Mace, the brand name of an early type of aerosol self defense spray invented by Allan Lee Litman in 1965. The first product of this type, Litman's design, packaged CN tear gas, (phenacyl chloride) desolved in hydrocarbon solvents into a small aerosol spray can, useable in almost any environment and strong enough (when sprayed in the face) to act as a credible deterrent and incapacitant.  Tear gas is formerly known as a lachrymatory agent or lachrymator (from lacrima, meaning "tear" in Latin) is a non lethal, (less than lethal) chemical weapon that stimulates the corneal nerves in the eyes to cause tears, pain, and even blindness.  Commonlacrymators include pepper spray (OC gas), CS gas, CR gas, CN gas (phenacyl chloride), nonivamide, bromoacetone, xylyl bromide, syn-propanethial-s-oxide,(from onions) and (Mace a branded mixture).  It's popularity led to the brand name simply shortened to "Mace" for all defense sprays, regardless of the composition. Chemical Mace was sold to Smith and Wesson and manufactured by their Lake Erie Chemical division.  Smith and Wesson subsequently transferred ownership to John E. Goodrich along with the rest of the chemical division that is now Mace Security International.  Though the design has been expanded upon, the only Chemical Mace formula using only CN gas has since been discontinued, due to the potentially toxic nature of the CN and the generally superior incapacitating qualities of oleoresin capsicum (OC) pepper spray in most situations. The early CN has been mostly supplanted  by OC formulas in police use, although Mace Security International still retains a "Triple Action" formula combining CN, OC and an ultraviolet marker dye.

Tear gas works by irritating mucous membranes in the eyes, nose, mouth and lungs and causes crying, sneezing, coughing, difficulty breathing, pain in the eyes, etc.  With CS gas, symptoms of irritation usually appear in 20 to 60 seconds of exposure and goes away in about 30 minutes.  With pepper spray, (OC gas)  the onset of symptoms including loss of motor control, is almost immediate, forcing the perpetrator to abandon the aggressive behavior in 90% of cases.

By: Lance Murray

Information form Wikipedia.

What is the most popular less than lethal self defense device

Product EvaluationLance MurrayComment

Hello everyone, I have tried to find out how many pepper spray devices are sold in america and have not been able to yet.  I know that there are millions sold every year.  I do know that pepper spray, or oc devices, are the most popular beacause of their portability, affordability, effectivness, ease of use, and legality.  I found this article by Wendy R Megyese on www.ezinearticles.com It explains alot about it.  I hope this is helpful.  Stay safe. 

Why Pepper Spray Is The Most Popular Self Defense

By Wendy R Megyese

Expert Author Wendy R Megyese

Pepper spray is the most common non lethal form of self defense used by women. As a law enforcement officer, it is my go-to for suspect compliance. There are several reasons pepper spray is so popular. Some of these reasons are: affordability, portability, legality, effectiveness and ease of use.


Pepper spray is very inexpensive. There are a multitude of models available for under ten dollars. For less than the cost of most take out meals, you can purchase a self defense product that may save your life.The cost of a defense spray is directly related to additional features the unit may have as well as the amount and strength of the oleoresin capsicum present.

The more expensive models include blinged out styles designed for fashionistas. But even the bedazzled pepper spray is less expensive than the cost of a date night at the movies. Other models have secondary features such as being encased in a keychain baton or velcro handholds which make it easy for joggers to carry. Even the most expensive, larger models which are designed for home protection won't break the average budget.


The best selling type of pepper spray are the ones you can attach to your keychain. Women are most vulnerable to attack in parking lots, when entering or exiting their vehicles, and when going into their homes. These are all times when you normally have your keys in hand. This is the reason keychain self defense units are popular - because it is readily available when you need it the most. There are other models that can be carried in situations where discretion is important. Some of these are disguised as lipsticks and pens. Either of those models can easily be carried in a pocket or purse.


Unlike stun guns, pepper spray is legal in all 50 states. However, Michigan and Wisconsin have restrictions on the types that can be carried. New York and Massachusetts also have restrictions on where they can be bought. Some cities also have additional regulations, so check with local authorities if you have any question about carrying a defense spray in your municipality.


The main reason pepper spray is so effective is because it is an inflammatory agent. It causes the membranes to swell. The eyes involuntarily swell shut and temporary blindness is experienced. The throat constricts and breathing is difficult. In effect, all but life sustaining breath is eliminated. The body begins to spasm and there is normally an onset of coughing fits and a runny nose. The skin begins to feel as if it had been set on fire. Most often, panic sets in, intensifying the physical effects. The effects can last anywhere from 10 to 45 minutes, with diminished effects lasting several hours.

Another reason it is highly effective is because it does not rely primarily on pain compliance to work. In other words, even if the person being sprayed is under the influence of alcohol or drugs, or has somehow had their pain receptors damaged, pepper spray will likely work. The subject will be incapacitated.

Ease of Use

Using pepper spray does not require any special training. Simply point and spray. However, it is always a good idea to practice using an inert, water based pepper spray. This will create muscle memory that will enable you to use it during crisis situations.

With all these benefits, it is no wonder that pepper spray is the most popular alternative to lethal self defense available.

Wendy Megyese is a Deputy Sheriff and a Self Defense Expert. Her passion is educating and empowering law abiding citizens with self defense tools and techniques so they can be victors and not victims. Visit her website at http://www.bestlinedefense.com to find the best self defense and survival products.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Wendy_R_Megyese

Pepper Spray effects on dogs

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  1. About pepper spray effects on dogs

    • There are a variety of products that offer protection from stray or aggressive dogs. Pepper spray is one of the most effective for a number of reasons, not least of which is that it repels dogs from a distance. Some products--a prod which delivers an electric current, for example--require you to be within arm's length of the dog, and they take a fair amount of dexterity to maneuver. Pepper spray, on the other hand, is usually effective up to about 10 feet, and jets out like water from a high-pressure hose. Very little pepper spray is needed to deter a vicious dog. Pepper spray stings. Adrenaline, rage, toughness and mental illness are not factors; a generous dose of pepper spray will discourage even a rabid dog in a matter of seconds.


    • While pepper spray is highly effective on aggressive dogs, and its mechanism is simple (point and press a button), protecting yourself from an attack can get complicated. Adrenaline and excitement won't lessen pepper spray's effect on a dog, but they may lessen your ability to wield pepper spray effectively. Dog pepper spray works much like an aerosol can of hornet spray. If you can hit a hornet's nest wedged up in the eaves of your house with the latter, you can hit a distant dog on the muzzle with the former. However, if the hornets were to swarm down at you angrily as you took aim, a dark blur of threatening noise, your heart rate would accelerate, your adrenaline would spike, and your arm would subsequently tremble. The analogy to an attacking dog is obvious. You can and should practice with your pepper spray (you'll have to refill it from time to time regardless, to keep it fresh--an expiration date will show on the canister), until you can hit an immobile target on the bulls-eye with confidence. But, keep in mind that confrontation with a real animal significantly raises the stakes. Reminding yourself of this beforehand will help you stay calm should a crisis occur.


    • Pepper spray is legal to carry in most areas. Pepper spray for dogs comes in a canister which you can attach to your belt for convenient and ready use. You should, however, find out about the laws concerning pepper spray (if there are any) where you reside.


    • You might also want to consider whether your dog pepper spray is ideal in terms of both effectiveness on an aggressive dog and the dog's long-term health. Pepper spray is intensely painful, and its consequences can last for several hours. The situations in which you're likely to confront an aggressive dog are diverse. The reasons for which a dog might act aggressively are diverse. Better that an attacking dog receive a dose of pepper spray than that you, your pet or your child sustain a serious injury. Still, some forms of dog pepper spray are more humane than others. They pack just as much punch, but are approved by the EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) as the most humane way to throw a punch at a threatening animal if and when it is necessary.

    Extra Precautions

    • Talk to your veterinarian if you have further questions, whether about the best brands of pepper spray for dogs, their long-term impact, safety measures for your own pet, etc. If dogs roam freely in your neighborhood, or you have suspicions about a certain animal, contact Animal Control (which can be found either online or in a phone book). Try to plan outdoor activities such as jogging or walking your dog in safe, controlled environments such as public parks. You can never completely predict an attack, but arming yourself with common sense as well as an acute deterrent such as pepper spray goes a long way toward securing you and your loved ones.

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